5 Different types of shock and their treatments
Shock is a life-threatening condition caused by a lack of blood flow in the body. When there isn’t enough blood flow, cells and organs don’t obtain enough oxygen or nutrients to operate correctly. As a result, several organs may be harmed. Shock needs immediate medical attention and might quickly deteriorate. One in every five persons who experience shock will die as a result of it. The body may experience FIVE different forms of shock as well as different types of shock nursing.
The treatment differs depending on the type or the cause of shock. Fluid resuscitation in general (giving a number of fluids to raise blood pressure quickly) with IV in the ambulance or emergency room as the first-line treatment for all types of shock. The doctor will also administer medications such as epinephrine, norepinephrine, or dopamine into the fluid to try to raise the patient’s blood pressure to ensure blood flow to vital organs.
Classification of shock
There are 5 different types of shock: anaphylactic, cardiogenic, hypovolemic, neurogenic, septic. Let’s look deeply at each type and the shock symptoms!
Anaphylactic shock is caused by an allergic response. Medications like penicillin, latex, bee stings, and foods like nuts and shellfish are all common causes.
Symptoms of shock: Reduced blood pressure, a restricted airway that can make breathing difficult, a swollen tongue or lips, tingling extremities, hives, flushed skin, disorientation, and dizziness are some of the symptoms.
Treatment: Epinephrine injections are commonly used, followed by IV cortisone and antihistamines. Supplemental oxygen or albuterol may be used to help with breathing problems.
Cardiogenic shock is commonly caused by myocardial infarction, also known as a heart attack.
Symptoms of shock: Suddenly elevated heart rate, difficult or fast breathing, sweating, pale complexion, and little or no urine are some of the symptoms.
Treatment: The goal of treatment is to repair the cardiac problem. Thrombolytics or blood thinners may be prescribed, and surgery such as angioplasty, stenting, or CABG is a possibility.
Hypovolemic shock occurs when the body loses 20% or more of its blood flow, which is generally caused by an injury or an accident.
Symptoms: Profuse bleeding, sweating, disorientation, confusion, and rapid/shallow breathing are all symptoms. Symptoms of an internal hemorrhage include dark, tarry stools, stomach discomfort, and blood vomiting.
Treatment: The goal of treatment for hypovolemic shock is to halt the bleeding and replace lost fluids by administering IV crystalloids and blood transfusions. To improve the heart’s pumping power, drugs like dopamine or epinephrine may be used.
Neurogenic shock is a kind of shock that occurs when the central nervous system’s pathways, notably the spinal cord, are damaged.
Symptoms of shock: Instantaneous low blood pressure, warm, flushed skin owing to rapid vasodilation, and a decreased heart rate are all Symptoms: Instantaneous low blood pressure, warm, flushed skin owing to rapid vasodilation, and a decreased heart rate are all symptoms.
Treatment: Medications such as vasopressin, dopamine, and atropine are commonly used in treatment to alleviate symptoms.
Septic shock is caused by sepsis, a system-wide bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.
Symptoms of schock: Because septic shock and sepsis are linked, the symptoms are similar. Low urine output, cyanosis, disorientation, and respiratory issues are all typical symptoms. Fever, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common symptoms.
Treatment: The aim of treatment is to attack the underlying illness while also preventing organ damage. Antibiotics, vasopressors, insulin, and corticosteroids are all given intravenously.
Here are 5 different types of shock and their symptoms. Each type of shock will require different types of shock nursing.
Hopefully, this article will help you have a basic knowledge of shock as well as the necessary skills that a nurse needs to cultivate in her learning process. If you want to practice the TEAS test, visit our homepage to take the free and full TEAS practice test pack with more than 500 questions for all TEAS subtests.