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Question:

Which of the following correctly describes the law of segregation?

A It states that allele pairs segregate during gametogenesis and reunite randomly during the fertilization process.
explanation

The law of segregation states that each pair of alleles segregate randomly during gametogenesis (gamete formation). This means that each gamete (sex cell) receives one copy of a gene (an allele). They later reunite or combine randomly during fertilization. This way, the offspring acquires one allele from each of the parents.
The law of dominance states that the offspring will always display the dominant trait in the phenotype by suppressing the recessive trait.
The law of independent assortment states that the traits inherited by the offspring are independent of each other. Two or more traits do not influence one another.
The law of segregation does not state anything about storing genetic information in the DNA.