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Who is the author of this article?

A Edwin M. Stanton

The notation at the beginning of the article lets the reader know that the information provided is an official communication from the government. There is no author indicated at the beginning of the article. This is something that is included in most newspaper articles. However, the article is written in the first person, and the identity of the author is revealed at the end:
I have seen Mr. Seward, but he and Frederick were both unconscious.
Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

Two of the answer choices reference people mentioned in the article. Finally, The New York Times is the publisher, not the author.