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Question:

A toy manufacturer makes 15,000 toys a year. The company randomly selects 300 of the toys to sample for inspection. The company discovers that there are 5 faulty toys in the sample. Based on the sample, how many of the 15,000 total toys are likely to be faulty?

A 250
Explaination

The sample indicates that 5 out of every 300 randomly selected toys will be faulty. Consequently, a proportion can be set up that relates the unknown number of faulty toys in the total number of toys to the ratio of faulty toys to the sample: $2102_w105_h39.png$
T is the unknown number of faulty toys in the total. Multiply both sides by 15,000 and then divide the left side by 300 to solve for T: $7530_w120_h38.png$
$3754_w139_h39.png$