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“I would like to go with you; however, I won’t have time.” In this sentence, what part of speech is the word “however?”

A Conjunctive adverb

However is a conjunctive adverb (adverb used like a conjunction) connecting independent clauses. A preposition connects nouns, pronouns, noun phrases, and pronoun phrases to other words; in this sentence, to and with are prepositions. A conjunction like and, but, or, nor, etc. connects words, phrases, and clauses. For example, in the rewritten sentence, “I would like to go with you, but I won’t have time,” but is a conjunction—specifically a coordinating conjunction, connecting independent clauses. A subordinating conjunction introduces a dependent or subordinate clause, connecting it to an independent clause, e.g., “I cannot go with you because I won’t have time.”